Unity of Party or Person?

Friday, October 20, 2017

[Vietnamization: Logging, Military, Border] សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល ​ស្នើ​ ឲ្យ​ដក ​អាជ្ញាប័ណ្ណ​ ក្រុមហ៊ុន​ វៀតណាម ​ក្រោយ ​រក​ឃើញ​ បទល្មើស​ ព្រៃឈើ

ឈើ​ដែល​អាវុធហត្ថ​ខែត្រ​ក្រចេះ​ចាប់​បាន​នៅ​ស្រុក​ស្នូល ខែត្រ​ក្រចេះ ឋិត​ក្នុង​បរិវេណ​ដី​សម្បទាន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​វៀតណាម កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃទី១៨ ខែ​តុលា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៧។
ឈើ​ដែល​អាវុធហត្ថ​ខែត្រ​ក្រចេះ​ចាប់​បាន​នៅ​ស្រុក​ស្នូល ខែត្រ​ក្រចេះ ឋិត​ក្នុង​បរិវេណ​ដី​សម្បទាន​សេដ្ឋកិច្ច​វៀតណាម កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃទី១៨ ខែ​តុលា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៧។

សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល ​ស្នើ​ ឲ្យ​ដក ​អាជ្ញាប័ណ្ណ​ ក្រុមហ៊ុន​ វៀតណាម ​ក្រោយ ​រក​ឃើញ​ បទល្មើស​ ព្រៃឈើ

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ២០ តុលា ២០១៧


NGO accused of plotting revolution

People participate in a Black Monday protest last year during which then-STT Director Ee Sarom was briefly detained. The group was accused yesterday of conspiring to foment ‘colour revolution’.
People participate in a Black Monday protest last year during which then-STT Director Ee Sarom was briefly detained. The group was accused yesterday of conspiring to foment ‘colour revolution’. Pha Lina

NGO accused of plotting revolution

 Phnom Penh Post | 20 October 2017

A senior Ministry of Defence official yesterday claimed that housing rights group Sahmakum Teang Tnaut (STT) had received close to half a million dollars a year from the United States to foment “colour revolution” among the land dispute groups it worked with – a claim quickly rejected by the NGO. 

Defence Ministry Secretary of State Neang Phat was speaking at an event with soldiers in Phnom Penh when he said that former STT head E Sarom, who was temporarily detained last year at a civil society protest, confessed to getting the large sum to foment movements that would serve a purported US strategy. 

Rainsy targeted for ‘incitement’

Defence Minister Tea Banh (centre) attends a meeting of military officials on Monday where he lashed out at ex-opposition leader Sam Rainsy.
Defence Minister Tea Banh (centre) attends a meeting of military officials on Monday where he lashed out at ex-opposition leader Sam Rainsy. Photo supplied

Rainsy targeted for ‘incitement’

 Phnom Penh Post | 20 October 2017

Prominent members of Cambodia’s military came out in force yesterday to condemn former opposition leader Sam Rainsy as a traitor, with the Ministry of Defence preparing to file a lawsuit against the dissident in exile. 

Rainsy yesterday said his words from a 2011 speech – characterised on Wednesday by Prime Minister Hun Sen as a call for the army to turn their guns on the government – had “been distorted and taken out of their context”.

Australia defends Cambodia military ties as soldiers prepare to crush demonstrators

Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen commands a 6000-strong personal bodyguard unit.
Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen commands a 6000-strong personal bodyguard unit. Photo: Handout

Australia defends Cambodia military ties as soldiers prepare to crush demonstrators

 Sydney Morning Herald | 20 October 2017


Bangkok: The Turnbull government has defended Australia's support for the Cambodian military, even as its soldiers train to use force against civilians amid a ruthless crackdown on democracy and political freedoms.
A Department of Foreign Affairs spokeswoman told Fairfax Media that defence engagement with Cambodia "remains a constructive way to deepen and maintain bilateral ties over the long term," despite mounting evidence the country is fast sliding into a dictatorship.
A video surfaced on Facebook this week showing armed soldiers in Prime Minister Hun Sen's 6000-strong personal bodyguard unit training to disperse civilian demonstrators with armed personnel carriers and tanks.
Pointing AK-47 assault rifles, chanting soldiers are seen charging on mobs of mock demonstrators to break them up, according to the Phnom Penh Post.

Postcards from the Mountain of Joy

Image may contain: sky, tree, cloud, outdoor, nature and water
 
 Kirirom, 20 Oct. 2017

Interview: ‘There Will be Consequences’ For Cambodia And The Ruling Party

Brad Adams, executive director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia Division, during an RFA interview, Dec. 14, 2016.

Interview: ‘There Will be Consequences’ For Cambodia And The Ruling Party

RFA | 19 October 2017

As the executive director of Human Rights Watch’s Asia Division since 2002, Brad Adams oversees the organization’s work on human rights issues in twenty countries, including Cambodia. At Human Rights Watch, he has worked on a wide range of issues including freedom of expression, protection of civil society and human rights defenders, counterterrorism, refugees, gender and religious discrimination and armed conflict.

Prior to Human Rights Watch, Adams worked in Cambodia for five years as the senior lawyer for the Cambodia field office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, and as the legal advisor to the Cambodian parliament’s human rights committee.

He recently spoke with RFA journalist Sok Ry Sum by telephone to discuss Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen’s bid to dissolve the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) ahead of general elections scheduled for July 2018. The following is an edited version of that interview.


Hun Sen is staging a “cold coup” right now. In 1997, he did a military coup—a “hot coup”—where he killed so many people in the opposition, so many members of [royalist party] Funcinpec, and forced all sorts of people into exile, including members of parliament—[CNRP president] Kem Sokha and other people. Now he’s engaging in a “cold coup.” He’s not using the same amount of violence, but he’s using every state institution to overthrow the constitution … to overthrow the Paris Peace Agreement, and to overthrow the 2013 elections and the 2017 commune elections. All these people who were elected are now having their positions taken away from them. And that doesn’t just hurt those people—those members of parliament and those commune officials—it’s basically telling the voters that their vote doesn’t matter and he’s throwing their votes into the toilet. The outcome is no different than if he simply had the military stage a coup, like he did in 1997.

The international community—after the CNRP is dissolved, after he gives [the CNRP’s parliamentary] seats to Funcinpec and other parties—is going to decide that the 2018 elections are illegitimate and meaningless. They will not recognize them as real elections, and that will lead to all sorts of sanctions and other consequences for Cambodia and for the [ruling Cambodian People’s Party] CPP, and for the members of the army and police who carry out all of these human rights abuses for Hun Sen. And I fear it’s going to take the country back to the 1980s or the early 1990s when Cambodia was very isolated. Hun Sen seems to think he can rely only on China for the country’s future, but that won’t work. He should remember that one of the reasons the reform process started in [Myanmar] is that the [Myanmar] generals and government only could rely on China and the [Myanmar] people said “No, we are sick of that,” and the country fell apart economically. I don’t want that to happen to Cambodia—I think that would be very sad—but I think that’s the direction Hun Sen is taking it.

My concern is that the international reaction will come after the damage is done, not before the damage. So I think we certainly need a better response from the international community ... When you nullify the last election results by giving the seats of other parties away and you make it impossible for there to be free and fair elections next year, there will be consequences. It may just take a while for them to happen.

There will be sanctions. Military relationships will be finished. He’s already temporarily stopped relations with the U.S., but other countries will not want to have any cooperation with the Cambodian military. There will be asset freezes of senior officials in the government. There will be travel bans on officials in the government, I think. There will be asset forfeitures of overseas property, I think you can predict that. There will possibly criminal cases filed against human rights abusers in the Cambodian government. There will be reduced economic assistance to the country, which I hope will not be targeted at the poor and the vulnerable, but sometimes governments just cut everything off. They might say, “Look, we can’t justify providing assistance to Cambodia when this kind of thing happens,” which I think would be bad for the average Cambodian person, but that’s just how governments work.

​វិទ្យុ បារំាង អន្តរជាតិ​ ១៩ តុលា ជាមួយ លោក​ សម រង្ស៊ី | RFI interview with Sam Rainsy, Oct. 19


នៅ​ក្នុង​ បទសម្ភាសន៍ ​ជាមួយ​ របស់ ​វិទ្យុ បារំាង អន្តរជាតិ​ នា​ថ្ងៃ​ព្រហស្បតិ៍ ទី១៩ តុលា, លោក​ សម រង្ស៊ី អតីត​ ប្រធាន​ គណបក្ស សង្រ្គោះជាតិ និង​ជា​ប្រធាន​ សមាគម ​ដើម្បី​ លើក​តម្កើង​ លទ្ធិប្រជាធិបតេយ្យ​ នៅ​កម្ពុជា​ នៅ​តែ​ ជឿជាក់ ​ថា, គណបក្ស សង្រ្គោះជាតិ ​នឹង​មិន ​ត្រូវ​ រំលាយ​ទេ និង​ថា មាន​តែ ​ប្រជារាស្រ្ត​ទេ​ ដែល​ជា​អ្នក​ កំណត់​ ជោគវាសនា​ អ្នកតំណាងរាស្រ្ត​ គណបក្ស សង្រ្គោះជាតិ។  ទាក់ទង​ នឹង​វីដែអូឃ្លីប ​ដែល​លោក​ នាយករដ្ឋមន្រ្តី​ ហ៊ុន សែន​ បាន​លើក​ឡើង ​ក្នុង​ថ្ងៃ ទី​១៨ តុលា​ ត្រូវ​ បាន​លោក​ សម រង្ស៊ី​ អះអាង​ ថា ជា​វីដេអូឃ្លីប ​ដែល​បាន​កាត់ ត ខុស​ ពី​ន័យ​ដើម។  យ៉ាង​ណា​ ក៏​ដោយ លោក ​សម រង្ស៊ី​ នៅ​តែ​ សង្ឃឹម​ លើ​ដំណោះស្រាយ​ ផ្ទៃក្នុង ​រវាង​ ខ្មែរ និង​ខ្មែរ​ ដោយ​ឈរ​ លើ​មូលដ្ឋាន​ នៃ​ការ​គោរព​គ្នា​ ទៅវិញ​ ទៅមក៕
RFI | 19 October 2017

FT Opinion: It is time to jettison the Myanmar fairytale

The tendency is to gloss over the effects of 20 years of sanctions, 30 years of self-isolation, 50 years of authoritarian rule, 70 years of internal war, and over 100 years of colonialism.
Myanmar: fierce fighting has erupted during the past few years and there are nearly 500,000 internally displaced people along the Thai and Chinese borders © Getty

It is time to jettison the Myanmar fairytale

The Rohingya humanitarian crisis and economic woes create a bleak outlook 

Financial Times | 17 October 2017

The writer is author of the forthcoming book ‘The Secret History of Burma’ (2018)
The outside world is absolutely right to prioritise the crisis at hand. It is equally important, though, to jettison once and for all the Myanmar fairytale, and to appreciate that working in Myanmar means working with a near-failed state; to redouble efforts to boost the country’s own abilities, in particular through investments in health and education; and, perhaps most of all, to help inject fresh thinking about an exciting future for all

Myanmar today presents a more worrying picture than at almost any time since the darkest days of military dictatorship.

The world's attention has rightly been focused on the Rohingya crisis ;and the plight of hundreds of thousands of men, women, and children fleeing in one of the biggest refugee exoduses since the second world war. 

The worst may not be over. Humanitarian needs are far from met and discussions have barely begun on possible refugee return or the investigation of human rights abuses. 

There is a chance that western countries may respond with targeted sanctions. Even if formal sanctions are not imposed, international investor interest and tourism numbers will doubtless plummet. This is at a time when local business confidence is weak and banks unstable. Millions of the poorest people in Asia may soon face an unbearably bleak future.

Any economic downturn will directly threaten Myanmar’s already fragile peace process. The country is home to approximately 20 “ethnic armed organisations”, the largest of which is fielding more than 20,000 troops, and hundreds of local militia. 

Fierce fighting has erupted at times during the past few years and there are nearly 500,000 internally displaced people along the Thai and Chinese borders. Economic growth alone will not lead to peace, but without the pull of an inclusive and fast-developing economy, the peace process will have no steam.

The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army, responsible for the August attacks ;which set off the latest round of violence, may well attack again. There is an even worse scenario where international jihadi groups or others inspired by them target cities in central Myanmar, where 2m other, non-Rohingya Muslims, are for now living in peace with their Buddhist, Hindu and Christian neighbours. Imported terrorism could easily spark communal violence, with devastating consequences. 

Cambodia changes gear into reverse


Cambodia changes gear into reverse


Daily Mirror | 19 October 2017

To understand why Cambodia is so we must go back 47 years before the genocidal movement, the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot, took over.
North Vietnamese invaded Cambodia in 1979...and installed in power ex-Khmer Rouge dissidents. One of them was Hun Sen...
Good things still happen. The economic growth nearly touches 7% year after year. Land reform has worked. 
Hun Sen did not win but he refused to step down. A compromise was found with King Sihanouk returning to power and Hun Sen becoming his number three. 
In other countries this might be a prelude to political liberalisation. But not in Cambodia.
Power has been a foreign affairs columnist and commentator for the International Herald Tribune/New York Times for 17 years.
Cambodia is no longer going forward, it is slipping backwards, as it has many times before. Earlier this month the government asked the Supreme Court to dissolve the main opposition coalition. One opposition leader, Kem Sokha, was sent to prison last month and the other, Sam Rainsy, is in exile. The English-language newspaper, The Cambodia Daily, has been closed and the relatively free radio stations leant on and a number closed. The decades-long Prime Minister, Hun Sen, talks about rebels in the capital, Phnom Penh, plotting to overthrow the government.

Cambodian gains at risk from Hun Sen crackdown

Cambodian gains at risk from Hun Sen crackdown

With media and the main opposition party facing the wrath of the country’s prime minister, it is essential that free elections be held in a changing society

 South China Morning Post Editorial | 20 October 2017

Political stability is a necessity for a nation to prosper and thrive. Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen is putting what has been achieved at risk with his crackdown on critics and the media. A majority of the population has embraced democracy, understanding the importance of strong voices to keep the government transparent and accountable. Rolling back the process is bound to have negative repercussions.
Hun Sen is among the world’s longest serving leaders, having held power since 1985. He is open to elections as long as his ruling Cambodian People’s Party does well. When the opposition makes gains or seems a threat to his continued grip, as in national polls in 2013 and those at a local level in June, his autocratic tendencies become more pronounced. With next year’s general election looming, he has struck out at the main opposition, the Cambodia National Rescue Party, having charged leader Kem Sokha with treason and tried to disband the party, moves that have prompted almost half of its lawmakers to flee overseas. Foreign-linked media and local and international NGOs have been forced to close.
Former party leader Sam Rainsy went into self-imposed exile in 2005 and another Hun Sen rival, Prince Norodom Ranariddh, has fled and returned several times, most notably after 100 people died in political clashes that led to his ousting as co-premier [now Prince set to accept CNRP seats not won by him/his party]. Despite such events, though, there has been democratic progress, ensuring high turnouts at elections and a steady rise in support for the opposition, particularly among a young urban population that is increasingly well-educated. Cambodia has been able to average an annual economic growth rate of 7 per cent since 1993, markedly reducing poverty. The garment and tourism industries have driven the economy and rising investment and aid from China have filled a gap left by Western nations, in retreat since the 2008 financial crisis.
Hun Sen said recently he intended to continue as leader for another 10 years to ensure stability. He has implemented moderate reforms to improve livelihoods and increase government accountability, but Cambodians want substantially more. That will only come about if elections are free and fair.

RFA video: សម្ភាស​ លោក សម រង្ស៊ី អំពី ​ប្រតិកម្ម​ របស់​លោក​ ហ៊ុន សែន | Interview with Sam Rainsy re Hun Sen's reactions

សម្ភាស​ លោក សម រង្ស៊ី អំពី ​ប្រតិកម្ម​ របស់​លោក​ ហ៊ុន សែន

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៨ តុលា ២០១៧


RFA video: មន្ត្រី​ សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស​ អន្តរជាតិ​ អំពាវ​នាវ​ សហគមន៍​ អន្តរជាតិ​ រួមគ្នា ដោះស្រាយ​ បញ្ហា​ នៅ​កម្ពុជា | Intl human rights officials call on intl community to unite in resolving issues in Cambodia

មន្ត្រី​ សិទ្ធិមនុស្ស​ អន្តរជាតិ​ អំពាវ​នាវ​ សហគមន៍​ អន្តរជាតិ​ រួមគ្នា ដោះស្រាយ​ បញ្ហា​ នៅ​កម្ពុជា

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៨ តុលា ២០១៧


RFA video: លោក​ ហ៊ុន សែន ​ប្រតិកម្ម​ ចំពោះ អ្នក​រិះគន់ ​ថា​ ការ​រំលាយ​ បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង គឺ ក្បត់​ ឆន្ទៈ​រាស្ត្រ | Hun Sen reacts to those who criticized that dissolution of opposition party betrays people's will

លោក​ ហ៊ុន សែន ​ប្រតិកម្ម​ ចំពោះ អ្នក​រិះគន់ ​ថា​ ការ​រំលាយ​ បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង គឺ ក្បត់​ ឆន្ទៈ​រាស្ត្រ

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៨ តុលា ២០១៧

មន្ត្រី​ បក្ស​កាន់អំណាច​ យល់​ផ្ទុយ​គ្នា​ ថា​ សមាជិក​ គ.ជ.ប. ​ត្រូវ​ បាត់បង់​​ ក្រោយ​រំលាយ​ បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង | Ruling party officials hold different views re whether NEC members will be no more after dissolution of opposition party

មន្ត្រី​ជាន់ខ្ពស់​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា និង​ជា​តំណាងរាស្ត្រ លោក ជាម យៀម (ឆ្វេង) និង​អ្នកនាំពាក្យ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា លោក សុខ ឥសាន។
មន្ត្រី​ជាន់ខ្ពស់​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា និង​ជា​តំណាងរាស្ត្រ លោក ជាម យៀម (ឆ្វេង) និង​អ្នកនាំពាក្យ​គណបក្ស​ប្រជាជន​កម្ពុជា លោក សុខ ឥសាន។
RFA/Brach Chev

មន្ត្រី​ បក្ស​កាន់អំណាច​ យល់​ផ្ទុយ​គ្នា​ ថា​ សមាជិក​ គ.ជ.ប. ​ត្រូវ​ បាត់បង់​​ ក្រោយ​រំលាយ​ បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៩ តុលា ២០១៧

 


មន្ត្រី​ជាន់ខ្ពស់ ​គណបក្ស​ ប្រជាជន​ កម្ពុជា​ អះអាង ​ផ្ទុយគ្នា​ ជុំវិញ អនាគត​ នៃ​ថ្នាក់ដឹកនាំ​ គណៈកម្មាធិការ ​ជាតិ ​រៀបចំ​ ការបោះឆ្នោត ដែល​អតីត​ មកពី​កូតា​ ​គណបក្ស​ សង្គ្រោះជាតិ។

សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល​ ជាតិ​ គ្រោង​ស្នើ​ទៅ​ ប្រទេស​ ហត្ថលេខី​ ២៣​ តុលា​ អន្តរាគមន៍​ លើ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល | Domestic civil society to request states signatory to October 23 [Paris Peace Agreement] to intervene with govt

នាយិកា​ប្រតិបត្តិ​អង្គការ​សីលការ អ្នកស្រី ធីតា ឃិះ ថ្លែង​ក្នុង​សិក្ខាសាលា​ពិគ្រោះ​យោបល់​អំពី​ថវិកា ឆ្លើយតបនឹងយេនឌ័រ​នៅថ្នាក់​ក្រោម​ជាតិ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២១ ខែ​មេសា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៧។ RFA

សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល​ ជាតិ​ គ្រោង​ស្នើ​ទៅ​ ប្រទេស​ ហត្ថលេខី​ ២៣​ តុលា​ អន្តរាគមន៍​ លើ​រដ្ឋាភិបាល

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៩ តុលា ២០១៧

[Vietnamization: Logging, Military, Border] ជនជាតិ​ដើម​ ភាគតិច ​លែង​មាន ​ជំនឿ​ លើ​សមត្ថកិច្ច​ និង​តុលាការ ​ទប់ស្កាត់​ បទល្មើស​ ព្រៃឈើ | Ethnic minority group no longer has faith in authority, court to stop illegal logging

ដើម​ឈើ​ដែល​គេ​កាប់​រំលំ​ដើម្បី​យក​ដី​ក្នុង​ព្រៃ​សហគមន៍​ភ្នំ​ជម្រក​សត្វ នៅ​ឃុំ​សំអាង ស្រុក​ថាឡាបរិវ៉ាត់ ខែត្រ​ស្ទឹងត្រែង កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២១ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៦។
ដើម​ឈើ​ដែល​គេ​កាប់​រំលំ​ដើម្បី​យក​ដី​ក្នុង​ព្រៃ​សហគមន៍​ភ្នំ​ជម្រក​សត្វ នៅ​ឃុំ​សំអាង ស្រុក​ថាឡាបរិវ៉ាត់ ខែត្រ​ស្ទឹងត្រែង កាល​ពី​ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២១ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៦។
RFA/Men Sothyr

ជនជាតិ​ដើម​ ភាគតិច ​លែង​មាន ​ជំនឿ​ លើ​សមត្ថកិច្ច​ និង​តុលាការ ​ទប់ស្កាត់​ បទល្មើស​ ព្រៃឈើ

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៩ តុលា ២០១៧


សង្គម​ស៊ីវិល និង​ជនជាតិ​ដើម​ ភាគតិច​ នៅ​ខែត្រ​ ភាគ​ឦសាន ពុំ​មាន ​ជំនឿ លើ​ប្រសិទ្ធភាព​ ការងារ​ របស់​ សមត្ថកិច្ច និង​តុលាការ​ ក្នុង​រឿង ​ទប់ស្កាត់​ បទល្មើស ​ព្រៃឈើ​ នោះ​ទេ បើ​ ទោះ​បី​ជា ​ប្រមុខ​ រដ្ឋាភិបាល ធ្លាប់​ប្ដេជ្ញា​ចិត្ត​ ទប់ស្កាត់​ បទល្មើស​ ព្រៃឈើ​ ច្រើន​សា​ក្ដី។  ការ​លើក​ឡើង​នេះ ស្រប​ពេល​ ដែល​សមត្ថកិច្ច​ ខែត្រ​ ក្រចេះ កាល​ពី​ពេល ​ថ្មីៗ​នេះ បាន​ឃាត់​ រថយន្ត​ សាំងយ៉ុង​ ដឹក​ឈើ​ ខុសច្បាប់ ​ច្រើន​គ្រឿង និង​បញ្ជូន​ទៅ​ មន្ត្រី​រដ្ឋបាល​ ព្រៃឈើ​ អនុវត្ត​ច្បាប់។  ក៏ប៉ុន្តែ ​សកម្មភាព ​ដឹក​ឈើ​ ខុសច្បាប់​ នៅ​តែ​ កើតមាន​ តាម​ដង​ផ្លូវ។

RFA video: សម្ភាស​ មេធាវី​ លោក កឹម សុខា និង​អ្នកស្រី​ មូរ សុខហួរ អនុ​ប្រធាន​ គណបក្ស​ប្រឆាំង | Interview with Kem Sokha's lawyer and Mu Sochua, deputy president of opposition party


សម្ភាស​ មេធាវី​ លោក កឹម សុខា និង​អ្នកស្រី​ មូរ សុខហួរ អនុ​ប្រធាន​ គណបក្ស​ប្រឆាំង

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៧ តុលា ២០១៧


Thursday, October 19, 2017

Sam Rainsy: ហ៊ុន សែន ជាអ្នក ប្លន់អំណាច ពីរាស្ត្រ | Hun Sen is an usurper

១៨ តុលា ២០១៧  / 18 October 2017

ហ៊ុន សែន ជាអ្នក ប្លន់អំណាច ពីរាស្ត្រ | Hun Sen is an usurper

លោក សម រង្ស៊ី បង្ហាញ ពីសារធាតុ ពិតប្រាកដ របស់លោក ហ៊ុន សែន ដែលតែងតែ ប្លន់អំណាច ពីប្រជារាស្ត្រ តាមរយៈ ការប្លន់ សន្លឹកឆ្នោត ចាប់តាំង ពីឆ្នាំ ១៩៩៨ មក។  

មុននោះ គាត់ បានទទួល អំណាច ពីកងទ័ព យួន ឈ្លានពាន ដែលបាន បន្តុបគាត់ នៅឆ្នាំ ១៩៧៩ និង ១៩៨៥ ឲ្យធ្វើ ជាអាយ៉ង ប្រទេស វៀតណាម។  

បន្ទាប់មកទៀត ក្នុងឱកាស ការបោះឆ្នោត រៀបចំឡើង ដោយអង្គការ សហប្រជាជាតិ ក្នុងឆ្នាំ ១៩៩៣, គាត់ ត្រូវ បាន ប្រជារាស្ត្រ បោះឆ្នោត ទម្លាក់គាត់ ដោយសន្តិវិធី។  តែ ដោយសារ គាត់ ក្តៅក្រហាយ មិន សុខចិត្ត ទទួលយក ការចាញ់ ឆ្នោតនេះ, គាត់ ក៏បានធ្វើ រដ្ឋប្រហារ នៅឆ្នាំ ១៩៩៧ ដើម្បី ដណ្តើមអំណាច មកវិញ ទាំងអស់ ឲ្យខ្លួនគាត់ និងគណបក្សគាត់ ដោយប្រើ កងកម្លាំង ប្រដាប់អាវុធ ក្នុងការ រំលោភ ឆន្ទៈ ប្រជារាស្ត្រ។ 

បន្ទាប់ ពីដណ្តើមបាន អំណាច យ៉ាងព្រៃផ្សៃ បែបនេះហើយ, គាត់ ក៏បាន រៀបចំ បង្កើត គណៈកម្មាធិការ ជាតិ រៀបចំ ការបោះឆ្នោត (គ.ជ.ប.) ដ៏ទន់ជ្រាយ មួយ ដែលគណបក្សគាត់ បញ្ជាបាន តាមចិត្ត ក្នុងការលួចបន្លំ សន្លឹកឆ្នោត រហូត ដល់ឆ្នាំ ២០១៣។
(បទសម្ភាសន៍ ថ្ងៃនេះ ជាមួយ វិទ្យុអាស៊ីសេរី)

Hun Sen had only three ways to come to, and to remain in, power. 

Firstly, he was put in power by the invading Vietnamese communist army from 1979 to 1993. 

Secondly, after loosing the first ever democratic election as organised by the United Nations in 1993, he staged a military coup to size power back for him and his party (CPP). 

Thirdly, from then and for all subsequent national elections (1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013), he stole votes from the people to ensure continuous victory thanks to a CPP-controlled and dishonest National Election Committee (NEC) that effectively manipulated all the above-mentioned elections. 
(From today's interview in Khmer with Radio Free Asia)
សម រង្ស៊ី / Sam Rainsy
www.facebook.com/rainsy.sam

ព្រឹទ្ធសភា​​ ប្រជុំ​ ពិនិត្យ​ សេចក្ដី​ស្នើ​ច្បាប់ ​សម្រាប់​ យក​អាសនៈ​ បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ ទី១៩ តុលា | Senate convened to deliberate draft law confiscating opposition seats on Oct. 19

លោក សាយ ឈុំ ប្រធាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា ចូលរួម​​ពិនិត្យ និង​ពិភាក្សា​សេចក្ដី​ព្រាង​ច្បាប់​អង្គការ​សមាគម នា​វិមាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៤ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។
លោក សាយ ឈុំ ប្រធាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា ចូលរួម​​ពិនិត្យ និង​ពិភាក្សា​សេចក្ដី​ព្រាង​ច្បាប់​អង្គការ​សមាគម នា​វិមាន​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា ថ្ងៃ​ទី​២៤ ខែ​កក្កដា ឆ្នាំ​២០១៥។

ព្រឹទ្ធសភា​​ ប្រជុំ​ ពិនិត្យ​ សេចក្ដី​ស្នើ​ច្បាប់ ​សម្រាប់​ យក​អាសនៈ​ បក្ស​ប្រឆាំង ​នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ ទី១៩ តុលា

RFA / វិទ្យុ អាស៊ី សេរី | ១៨ តុលា ២០១៧


គណៈកម្មាធិការ​ អចិន្ត្រៃយ៍ ​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា នឹង​បើក​ កិច្ចប្រជុំ​ ពិនិត្យ​ លើ​សេចក្ដី​ស្នើ​ច្បាប់​ ចំនួន​ ៤ ពាក់ព័ន្ធ​ នឹង​ការ​រំលាយ ​គណបក្ស​ សង្គ្រោះ​ជាតិ នៅ​ថ្ងៃ​ ទី​១៩ ខែ​តុលា។

ប្រធាន​ ព្រឹទ្ធសភា លោក សាយ ឈុំ នឹង​បើក​ កិច្ចប្រជុំ​ ពិភាក្សា​ ពិនិត្យ និង​សម្រេច​ លើ​សំណើ​ របស់ ​គណៈកម្មការ​ ទី​៦ ព្រឹទ្ធសភា លើ​សេចក្ដី​ស្នើ​ច្បាប់​ ទាំង​៤ និង​របៀបវារៈ ៦​ផ្សេងទៀត មុន​ នឹង​ដាក់​ សេចក្ដី​ស្នើ​ច្បាប់ ​ទៅ​អង្គប្រជុំ​ ពេញអង្គ​ របស់ ​ព្រឹទ្ធសភា។

Sweden threatens to review engagement with Cambodia

Sweden threatens to review engagement with Cambodia

Euro News | 19 October 2017

PHNOM PENH (Reuters) – Sweden said on Thursday it would rethink its engagement with Cambodia if the main opposition party is dissolved, in the strongest warning yet from a Western aid donor. 

China Is Quietly Reshaping the World

Boys sit on a piece of styrofoam sheet as they search for crabs in front of the Gwadar port in Pakistan.
Boys sit on a piece of styrofoam sheet as they search for crabs in front of the Gwadar port in Pakistan

China Is Quietly Reshaping the World

The staggering scope of the country’s infrastructure initiative—and what it means for the international order

The Atlantic | 17 October 2017

The Pakistani town of Gwadar was until recently filled with the dust-colored cinderblock houses of about 50,000 fishermen. Ringed by cliffs, desert, and the Arabian Sea, it was at the forgotten edge of the earth. Now it’s one centerpiece of China’s “Belt and Road” initiative, and the town has transformed as a result. Gwadar is experiencing a storm of construction: a brand-new container port, new hotels, and 1,800 miles of superhighway and high-speed railway to connect it to China’s landlocked western provinces. China and Pakistan aspire to turn Gwadar into a new Dubai, making it a city that will ultimately house 2 million people.

China is quickly growing into the world’s most extensive commercial empire. By way of comparison, after World War II, the Marshall Plan provided the equivalent of $800 billion in reconstruction funds to Europe (if calculated as a percentage of today’s GDP). In the decades after the war the United States was also the world’s largest trading nation, and its largest bilateral lender to others.

Now it’s China’s turn. The scale and scope of the Belt and Road initiative is staggering. Estimates vary, but over $300 billion have already been spent, and China plans to spend $1 trillion more in the next decade or so. According to the CIA, 92 countries counted China as their largest exports or imports partner in 2015, far more than the United States at 57. What’s most astounding is the speed with which China achieved this. While the country was the world’s largest recipient of World Bank and Asian Development Bank loans in the 1980s and 90s, in recent years, China alone loaned more to developing countries than did the World Bank.

Unlike the United States and Europe, China uses aid, trade, and foreign direct investment strategically to build goodwill, expand its political sway, and secure the natural resources it needs to grow. Belt and Road is the most impressive example of this. It is an umbrella initiative of current and future infrastructure projects. In the next decades, China plans to build a thick web of infrastructure around Asia and, through similar initiatives, around the world.

Most of its funding will come in the form of loans, not grants, and Chinese state-owned enterprises will also be encouraged to invest. This means, for example, that if Pakistan can’t pay back its loans, China could own many of its coal mines, oil pipelines, and power plants, and thus have enormous leverage over the Pakistani government. In the meantime, China has the rights to operate the Gwadar port for 40 years.
Belt and Road is China’s biggest foreign policy initiative to date, but it’s no Marshall Plan. Beijing is not doing this out of altruism, or out of a desire to stabilize the countries it loans to. So why spend such enormous sums on its neighbors? For one thing, China is too dependent on its eastern seaboard and the narrow Malacca Strait near Singapore to get goods in and out of its vast territory; for example, over 80 percent of its oil goes through the Strait. So building trade routes through Pakistan and Central Asia makes sense. Belt and Road also helps China invest its huge currency reserves and put its many idling state-owned enterprises to work.

The initiative also has a positive side effect for Beijing: Some Chinese government officials say specifically that it’s about competing with the United States. At a minimum, it creates leverage to make many smaller countries feel economically beholden to China.

[Vietnamization: Military] Efforts exerted to search for martyrs’ remains in Cambodia

Secretary of the provincial Gia Lai  Party Committee Duong Van Trang encourages search team's members (Source: VNA)

Efforts exerted to search for martyrs’ remains in Cambodia

Vietnam Plus | 18 October 2017

Gia Lai (VNA) – The Military Command in the Central Highlands province of Gia Lai on October 18 launched a campaign to search for and repatriate Vietnamese soldiers who died in wartime in Cambodia.

The work during the 2017-2018 dry season manifested the gratitude for the sacrifice of Vietnamese martyrs in Cambodia.

In that dry season, which will last until the end of April, the search team will carry out their work in Rattanakiri, Preah Vihear and Stung Treng provinces.

Established in 2001, Gia Lai’s search team has to date found and repatriated 1,374 sets of remains of Vietnamese soldiers.

During the 2016-2017 dry season, 29 sets of remains were repatriated. -VNA

VOA video: Hundreds of Cambodian Commune Chiefs Face Expulsion Months Into Job


Hundreds of Cambodian Commune Chiefs Face Expulsion Months Into Job

VOA | 18 October 2017

The Cambodian government rushed through legislative amendments on Monday all but sealing the fate of more than 480 commune chiefs elected just months ago under the banner of the opposition Cambodian National Rescue Party, or CNRP. And as the National Election Committee hits the provinces to register voters for next year’s parliamentary elections, many now see no point in participating. David Boyle and Tum Malis report from Phnom Penh.

Bodyguard Unit posts video showing crackdown practice

A screenshot shows a riot-control training exercise conducted by the Prime Minister’s Bodyguard Unit.
A screenshot shows a riot-control training exercise conducted by the Prime Minister’s Bodyguard Unit. Photo supplied

Bodyguard Unit posts video showing crackdown practice

 Phnom Penh Post | 19 October 2017

A video posted to Facebook earlier this week shows the Prime Minister’s Bodyguard Unit training to disperse demonstrations with the use of armed personnel and tanks, making it the latest branch of the security services to prepare itself for riot control in a tense political atmosphere. 

CPP could get 11 more seats

Members of the ruling party vote in favour of amendments allowing the redistribution of the opposition’s seats in the National Assembly and at the local level if it is dissolved by the Supreme Court.
Members of the ruling party vote in favour of amendments allowing the redistribution of the opposition’s seats in the National Assembly and at the local level if it is dissolved by the Supreme Court. AFP

CPP could get 11 more seats

Phnom Penh Post | 19 October 2017

The ruling Cambodian People’s Party appears poised to absorb 11 more seats in the gNational Assembly, bringing their majority to almost two-thirds, while royalist party Funcinpec’s Prince Norodom Ranariddh vowed his party – also set to take a substantial block of seats – would not become “slaves” to Hun Sen. 

Two minor parties have flatly rejected parliamentary seats set to be redistributed to them under newly amended laws should the Supreme Court rule to dissolve the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party, a move Prime Minister Hun Sen has said will come “soon”. 

The League for Democracy Party, headed by Khem Veasna, was due to claim six seats, and the Khmer Anti-Poverty Party, led by Daran Kravanh, would have been handed five, but the parties have said the seats were “meaningless” and it would be unfair to contradict the voters’ will. Their refusal means those seats would go to the CPP according to the widely criticised new laws.

In contrast, Prince Ranariddh said Funcinpec would gladly fill the 41 seats it would be entitled to – an apparent throwback to the 1990s when the CPP and Funcinpec governed as a coalition. 

Premier takes aim at Rainsy over old video

Prime Minister Hun Sen inspects shoes with workers during his visit to a Golden Prospect footwear factory yesterday in Phnom Penhl
Prime Minister Hun Sen inspects shoes with workers during his visit to a Golden Prospect footwear factory yesterday in Phnom Penh. Facebook

Premier takes aim at Rainsy over old video

Phnom Penh Post | 19 October 2017

Prime Minister Hun Sen yesterday pointed to a 2011 video of former opposition leader Sam Rainsy – in which the latter allegedly asks the armed forces to turn their guns against the “dictator Hun Sen” – as further proof of a concerted CNRP plot to overthrow the government. 

Current Cambodia National Rescue Party President Kem Sokha was arrested in a midnight raid in early September on widely criticised charges of “treason” after the re-emergence of a 2013 video in which he tells supporters he received US support to plan his political trajectory. Before and since his arrest, the ruling Cambodian People’s Party and government-aligned media have repeatedly accused the opposition of fomenting a US-backed “colour revolution” to topple the government, but have so far publicly offered little credible evidence.

However, Hun Sen yesterday said he had seen another video from 2011, when Rainsy was allegedly in the US state of Massachusetts, calling on the armed forces to turn on the premier, claiming that it showed the opposition was taking orders from foreign powers to target his government. 

“He said that Hun Sen’s regime was about to collapse, and we need advice and support to make the rebellion. And the armed forces will turn their weapons against the dictator Hun Sen’s regime,” the premier claimed. 

Tea Banh attacks US, says troops prepared

Defence Minister Tea Banh speaks to officials on Monday at the Defence Ministry in Phnom Penh.
Defence Minister Tea Banh speaks to officials on Monday at the Defence Ministry in Phnom Penh. Facebook

Tea Banh attacks US, says troops prepared

The Phnom Penh Post | 18 October 2017

Defence Minister Tea Banh yesterday portrayed his forces as prepared for a David-and-Goliath-style showdown with the US, which he blamed for sowing unrest around the world, and whose purported “colour revolution” in the Kingdom he vowed to quash.

Rights groups deplore worsening repression in Cambodia

"Quite clearly we're on the cusp of losing another democracy in the world. The United States has essentially stood by and allowed it to happen," Robertson said.

"Hun Sen is looking around, he's seeing very little comment from the international community, and for him that's a green light to continue the repression,"
Human Rights Watch Deputy Asia director Phil Robertson talks to reporters during a press conference in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, Oct. 18, 2017. Rights groups say foreign governments should refuse to recognize Cambodia's next elections and consider sanctions on its leaders if the main opposition party is dissolved. Photo: Sakchai Lalit, AP / Copyright 2017 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.
Human Rights Watch Deputy Asia director Phil Robertson talks to reporters during a press conference in Bangkok, Thailand, Wednesday, Oct. 18, 2017. Rights groups say foreign governments should refuse to recognize Cambodia's next elections and consider sanctions on its leaders if the main opposition party is dissolved.Photo: Sakchai Lalit, AP

Rights groups deplore worsening repression in Cambodia

AP / San Francisco Chronicle | 18 October 2017

BANGKOK (AP) — Rights groups say foreign governments should refuse to recognize Cambodia's next elections and consider sanctions on its leaders if the main opposition party is dissolved.